ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Aksa Energy operates with the target of minimizing the environmental impact of its business activities and establishing the most efficient business processes. Environmental sustainability is prioritized in all of the Company’s business processes while environmental impacts are managed in accordance with international management systems.
Aksa Energy has obtained the ISO 140001 Environment Management System, ISO 50001 Energy Management System, ISO 9001 Quality Management System and OHSAS 180001 Occupational Health and Safety Management System Certifications. The Company uses the ISO 14001 Environment Management System Certificate and Environment Management Policy to guide environment management across the organization. Aksa Energy set up the Framework Environment Management System (FEMS) to execute its business activities in parallel with its environmental policy. FEMS is designed to comply with applicable laws, rules and regulations; outline and keep track of the Company’s environment management objectives and goals and establish an effective environmental management system.
Aksa Energy’s Environmental Policy is based on four main concepts; climate change, natural resource management, waste management and protection of diversity. In accordance with ISO 50001 Energy Management System, climate change related impacts are reduced by adopting efficient production processes as well as the focus on effective use of natural resources primarily on water continues.
One of the most significant areas of environmental impact within energy generation is air emissions. Aksa Energy regularly monitors and measures the effect of its operations on air quality and ensures that its emissions fall within the legally prescribed limits. The Company makes necessary technological and capital investments to eliminate any adverse impact of the air emissions on the environment and human health.
To this end, Aksa Energy established a flue gas treatment system – the first of its kind in Turkey – at Bolu Göynük Thermal Power Plant. Thanks to this system, the power plant reached the legal emission target set by the EU for the year 2018 in 2015. In addition, Bolu Göynük Thermal Power Plant’s NOx emission volume has been reduced to a low level by using fluidized bed combustion technology with limestone injection.
Waste management is one of the most important components of Aksa Energy’s environmental sustainability approach. The Company conducts research studies to reduce the amount of waste and boost business process efficiency in order to achieve a higher performance level each year. Efforts are expended to improve business processes, reduce resource consumption, and decrease waste generation by using innovative technologies and resources effectively.
Aksa Energy is committed to recycling wastes generated at every stage of its operations. Waste oil, contaminated packaging and cloth, absorbent filters, slob from oil-water separators and other scrap material produced at thermal power plants are sent to licensed recycling companies for disposal. Hazardous waste is initially collected in the temporary waste storage areas within the Company’s facilities and transferred by licensed vehicles to specialized recycling facilities. Packing wastes are sent to recycling facilities which are contracted by the related municipalities in the locations of the power plants. In 2017, ashes generated at Bolu Göynük Thermal Power Plant started to be stored at New Southern Regular Ash Storage Area instead of temporary storage. The new storage facility was built during the year and granted an environmental permit by the Environment and Urbanization Provincial Directorate.
WATER AND WASTE WATER EMISSIONS
Global water consumption is steadily increasing today, putting severe pressure on the world’s water resources. Against this backdrop, Aksa Energy aims to minimize water consumption in all its business operations and processes.
Decarbonization facilities installed at the power plants helped to save 500 m3 water per hour at Ali Metin Kazancı Antalya Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plant and 270 m3 of water per hour at Bolu Göynük Thermal Power Plant.
The Company completed a project to collect reverse osmosis waste water in a separate pool in order to humidify ashes. In addition, the Company created Çatak Pond for Bolu Göynük Power Plant; this effort was aimed to meet the water needs of the local community and operational requirements of the plant.
At the Manisa and Şanlıurfa Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plants, water treated by the reverse osmosis method started being recycled and reused in the cooling towers. As a result, water consumption declined at these facilities.
Aksa Energy established a seawater desalination system at Northern Cyprus Kalecik Fuel Oil Power Plant. Furthermore,, the plant uses an Evaporator Treatment System which purifies waste water generated at the facility by evaporating and condensing for domestic needs and natural gas closed cycle systems.
The Company has executed a variety of water conservation projects at its power plants in Africa where water resources are extremely limited. Waste water generated by the water softening unit at Ghana Heavy Fuel Oil Power Plant is used in the facility’s grounds irrigation system.
Aksa Energy places great importance on monitoring and protecting the natural life and biodiversity of the regions where it operates. The Company actively supports projects that protect and enhance natural habitats, with a view toward monitoring the environmental impact of its business operations and mitigating negative impacts. In line with this perspective, Aksa Energy initiated partnership with the Association for the Protection of Turkey’s Nature (TTKD) to preserve biodiversity since 2015.
One project to protect mountain gazelles was implemented for two years. In 2017, the collaboration continued with TTKD-Hatay branch under a project to explore the current situation and ecology of the striped hyena living in that region. A study was initiated on the highly endangered wild species of striped hyenas living in Kırıkhan – Gölbaşı Village. In the first phase, interviews were conducted among the local population. The overall goal of the project was to highlight the importance of protecting the striped hyena, located in the upper region of the food chain, and preserving the rich biodiversity of Hatay region.
During the two-month project, photo traps positioned in the landscape captured images of the rock gerbil (gerbillus dasyurus), which had not been observed in the last 22 years and was thought to be extinct. This was an important achievement for both the specialists on the project team and Aksa Energy.
The report titled “Preliminary Study on the Striped Hyena’s Spread and Habitat in the Hassa – Reyhanlı Region” was published upon completion of these efforts. The report pointed to the need for meticulous protection of the local habitats which are rich in local mammals. The study results were published in regional and national media, thereby broadening awareness on the rich biological diversity of the area.
Aksa Energy plans to support another biodiversity project in 2018. This new project will aim to determine the presence (present condition) of red deer (cervus elaphus) around Yedigöller National Park and its ecology. In addition, the study will identify the following about the species cervus elaphus: population numbers; distribution and density of its population; habitat; nourishment and nutrition sources; social behaviors; relationships with humans; threat risks and precautions required for the protection of the species. As a large mammal, the red deer is a symbolic species representing the biodiversity of the region.
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